All articles for the topic: energy efficiency

Promoting Market-Based Deployment of Energy Efficiency Solutions in Municipal Waterworks: Pilot Initiative in South Africa

Municipal water supply and wastewater systems operate 24 hours a day and are among the largest consumers of electricity in municipalities. Electricity costs can amount to between 40 and 70 percent of total running costs of municipal water infrastructure. In countries with carbon-intensive electricity grids, water infrastructure consequently generates substantial CO2 emissions.

Scope of Work and Deliverables

REEEP is seeking to contract a consultant(s), qualified to undertake energy audits and with experience in the dairy industry in India to undertake the investment grade energy audits in the two dairy processing units. The deliverables from the resulting contract are as follows:

  1. An audit report that summarises the results of the findings andrecommendations
    The report will include a description of the facilities and their operation, a discussion of all major energy consuming systems, a description of all recommended ECMs with their specific energy impact, implementation costs, benefits and payback. The report shall incorporate a summary of all the activities, efforts and costs needed for achieving the expected improvement of the energy efficiency of the dairy processing facility. If possible, the report should also incorporate recommendations of potential clean energy technologies that can be incorporated by the dairy processing facility to help reduce costs/improve efficiencies.
  2. A slideshow that summarises the findings and recommendations
    The slideshow will provide a highlight of the findings of the study, including recommended ECMs and their benefits. The presentation should also highlight ‘low-hanging fruits’ / easy wins that can be easily implemented by the processing facility in particular, and the industry in general. Presentation of this slideshow by the consultant at the workshop planned in Delhi (tentatively in April 2018) is an important part of this deliverable.


The tentative timeline is as follows:
  1. Publication/Circulation of RfP: 13th February, 2018
  2. Last date for receipt of Proposals: 22nd February, 2018
    Selection of Consultant and award of contract: 27th February, 2018
  3. Energy Audit: March 2018
  4. Submission of Deliverables: 31st March, 2018
  5. Workshop in Delhi: Week of 16th April, 2018

Suggested Methodology

  1. Interviews with Key Facility Personnel
    Interviews to establish: operating characteristics of the facility, energy system specifications, operating and maintenance procedures, preliminary areas of investigation, unusual operating constraints, anticipated future plant expansions, and other concerns related to facility operations. After the initial meeting, a tour of the facility is arranged to observe the various operations first hand, focusing on the major energy consuming systems identified during the interview, including the architectural, power and heating / cooling systems.
  2. Document review
    All available facility documentation is reviewed with facility representatives. This review should also include an inspection of used refrigerants in cooling devices and processes. It should be noted that the available plans should represent the "as-built" rather than the "design" conditions.
  3. Facility inspection
    After a thorough review of the construction and operating documentation, the major energy consuming processes in the facility are further investigated. The inspection shall focus on the following major issues:
    • Milk coolers / chillers (including refrigerant use)
    • Heaters / pasteurisation
    • Building
    • Staff capacity and behaviour
  4. Utility Analysis
    The utility analysis is a detailed review of energy bills from the previous 12 to 36 months. This should include all purchased energy and fuel, including electricity, natural gas, coal, wood, etc. If possible, energy data will be obtained and reviewed prior to visiting the facility to insure that the site visit focuses on the most critical areas. Billing data reviewed includes energy usage and energy demand. The utility data is normalized for changes in climate and facility operation and used as a baseline to compute projected energy savings for evaluated ECM's. Type of energy (thermal/electric) and source (grid, generator, RE etc.) will also to be documented.
  5. Identify and Evaluate Feasibility ECMs (Energy conservation measures)
    A ranked list of major ECMs is developed for each of the major energy consuming systems (i.e., cooling, heating, pasteurisation, etc.). Based upon a final review of all information and data gathered about the facility a finalized list of ECMs is developed and reviewed with the GIZ and REEEP representative and facility manager. If applicable, a comparison of different offers/deals by utility companies will also be conducted with a focus on cost but also source (RE, conventional, nuclear etc.).
  6. Economic Analysis
    Based on collected data, a list of priority interventions in energy efficiency and use of alternative sources of energy in the facilities will be developed. For each of the ECMs identified, the installation costs, energy savings and simple payback are calculated; ideally, this takes into account incentives currently available for increased sustainability / energy efficiency.
The above methodology is only suggestive and by outlining the same REEEP wishes to highlight the information that the final audit report requires. Consultants are free to suggest any changes / modifications in their proposal.

Qualifications of the Consultants

The consultant would ideally be an energy expert or dairy technologist with proven experience in the conducting energy audits for dairy processing facilities. BEE approved energy auditors, with experience in undertaking energy audits in the dairy industry will be preferred.
Interested consultants with the required expertise and experience are requested to send in their techno-commercial proposals. Proposals should clearly outline the following:
  1. Understanding of the assignment and methodology to be adopted by the consultant
  2. Timelines
  3. Suitability of the consultant (qualification/certifications and experience)
  4. List of dairy facilities / other units where energy audits were conducted
  5. Budget
The proposals should not exceed five (5) pages in length, excluding the overview of the consultant’s qualifications/certifications and experience. The latter can be provided in a separate annex.
The proposals will be evaluated with 60% weightage for technical qualifications, and 40% weightage for the financial quote.
Proposals should be sent to Denise Recheis denise.recheis [at] latest by 22.02.2018. Proposals received after the deadline will be rejected.



Press Release: Sweden's Beyond the Grid Fund for Zambia Signs First Contracts with Energy Service Providers. The Goal: Modern Energy for One Million Zambians

Swedish Ambassador to Zambia Henrik Cederin, VITALITE Director John Fay and long-standing VITALITE distributor Mr. Chongo at the contract signing in Mr. Chongo's shop in rural Chongwe

Sweden’s Ambassador to Zambia Henrik Cederin signed four contracts last Friday with companies offering a variety of rural energy solutions, marking the start of operations of the Power Africa: Beyond the Grid Fund for Zambia (BGFZ). The USD25m Fund, which is financed by the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida) and managed by the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP), aims to bring modern energy to one million Zambians, and build a solid foundation for continuing growth of the market such that it can serve all Zambians.

Press Release: Local Project Launch of ‘Climate Change, Clean Energy and Urban Water’ Project

Ms. Dessislava Choumelova of the EU Delegation to South Africa speaks at the project launch event

The project “Climate Change, Clean Energy and Urban Water” has entered its implementation phase, as was announced during an event at the Department of Environmental Affairs in Pretoria, South Africa last Friday. The 2.5-year project is funded by the EU, with UNIDO as Implementation Partner and REEEP as Execution Partner. The initiative promotes the market-based deployment of energy efficiency measures and clean energy technologies and services in municipal waterworks, commencing with pilot demonstration projects in South Africa.

Private Financing Advisory Network Relaunched under REEEP and UNIDO Hosting

On the 10th of May, 2017, the Private Financing Advisory Network (PFAN) was officially relaunched under its new hosting arrangement with the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) in cooperation with REEEP in Vienna, Austria. Under this arrangement, PFAN’s activities will be scaled up by a factor of two to five by the year 2020.

CTI PFAN Call for Proposals: Project Development and Financing Initiative in India

The Private Financing Advisory Network (PFAN) is now accepting proposals from India for participation in the Project Development and Financing Initiative. This PFAN India initiative will present promising clean energy projects from India to interested investors. The initiative actively seeks renewable energy and energy efficiency projects that are financially viable, socially responsible and environmentally beneficial.


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