direct carbon fuel cells

Synonyms

DCFC

Definition

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Wikipedia definition:

A Direct Carbon Fuel Cell (DCFC) is a fuel cell that uses a carbon rich material as a fuel such as bio-mass or coal. The cell produces energy by combining carbon and oxygen, which releases carbon dioxide as a by-product. It also called coal fuel cells (CFCs), carbon-air fuel cells (CAFCs), direct carbon/coal fuel cells (DCFCs), and DC-SOFC. The total reaction of the cell is C + O2 → CO2. The process in half cell notation: * Anode: C + 2 O2− → CO2 + 4 e− * Cathode: O2 + 4 e− → 2 O2− Despite this release of carbon dioxide, the direct carbon fuel cell is more environmentally friendly than traditional carbon burning techniques. Due to its higher efficiency, it requires less carbon to produce the same amount of energy. Also, because pure carbon dioxide is emitted, carbon capture techniques are much cheaper than for conventional power stations. Utilized carbon can be in the form of coal, coke, char, or a non-fossilized source of carbon. At least four types of DCFC exist: * The first one is based on the Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) concept. Overall reaction in the solid oxide electrolyte based DCFC C + O2 → CO2. Anode reaction C + 2O2− → CO2 + 4e− C + O2− → CO+ 2e− CO + O2− → CO2 + 2e− C + CO2 → 2CO Cathode reaction O2 + 4e− → 2O2− * The second one is molten hydroxides fuel cell. William W. Jacques obtained an US Patent 555,511 in this type of fuel cell in 1896. Prototypes have been demonstrated by the research group, SARA, Inc. * The third one is based on the Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) concept. William W. Jacques obtained a Canadian patent in this type of fuel cell in 1897. It has been developed further at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. * The fourth is a molten tin anode solid oxide fuel cell design, which utilizes molten tin and tin oxide as an inter stage reaction between oxidation of the carbon dissolving in the anode and reduction of oxygen at the solid oxide cathode.

Source: Wikipedia - Direct carbon fuel cell